Wednesday, May 15, 2019

Temporary Canopy Trees (Permaculture Approach)

A cornerstone permaculture design approach is to use fast growing trees as temporary canopy until productive trees grow into to take that space in the canopy layer. In the Phoenix desert this becomes almost a requirement (I say almost because you can throw extra water and build temporary shade structures to keep trees alive when there is no natural canopy around, but that is the hard way to go about it). When you use other trees as temporary shade, you get many more benefits than just building shade structures:

  • Will make shade, without needing to stake any structure or worrying about it blowing away in a wind storm
  • Will create a microclimate in that section of the yard far more effectively than a shade structure will
  • Will add fertility to the soil by making bacterial and fungal associations and multiplying that content in the soil via increased root mass (especially true if the trees are nitrogen-fixing)
  • Will create free mulch via natural leaf dropping or intentional pruning
  • Will create a nurse environment for a productive tree
  • Nursed productive trees will establish faster due to the increased microbial activity in the soil

However this does require you to think ahead and get your temporary trees established first before you start planting your orchard. This really does pay off in the long run.

I have been putting this approach to good use for years in my yard. I use Moringa and Castor (Giant Zanibariensis) as fast growing canopy trees. And after 1-3 years I take them out once something becomes big enough to occupy that space. I have removed several trees this way. Today I removed two more.

Castor and Morninga were planted side by side to provide shade in my deciduous area. Castor was about 15 ft tall and Moringa was 25+ ft tall and provided significant shade. A Sweet Lavender Mulberry was planted in this area to be a productive tree that eventually provided the canopy in this area. Now that the Mulberry is big enough the Castor and Moringa have been stumped.

Sweet Lavender Mulberry providing really beautiful shade

Monday, May 13, 2019

Mid-May Update

Lots of fun stuff in the yard right now:

Little Psycho Nervosa Wild Coffee. Did great all winter (no defoliation) and nice spring growth

Coffee Flowers!

Beautifully ripe Black Star Surinam Cherry next to an unripe one

Gorgeous red growth flush on Marcus Pumpkin avocado

Tahitian pummelo! Second year of fruiting for me. Right now they are tennis ball size but when ripe will be the size of a women's basketball

Lots of baby mangos all over the yard. Jaqueline on the left and Cac on the right in this pic.

Floridaprince. Already harvested a few dozen. Still plenty left on the tree for us and the birds.

Apricots ripening up

Tons of figs all over the yard. In this pic: Genovese Nero (AF) in the front and Ronde de Bordeaux in the back

Black Maderia graft is pushing and looking good! Grafted onto Black Jack.

Grapes .... lots of grapes

Pomegranate is still flowering like crazy

Finish out with a pic of a pretty poppy.

Wednesday, May 8, 2019

Moringa Airlayering Experiment, part 2

This is follow up to Moringa Airlayering Experiment, part 1

It has been a month so it is time to check the air layer experiment. Here is what the branch looks like on the tree. Look how much the moringa has leafed / branched out in just a month.

Airlayer May 2019

I cut the branch off the tree and put it on the ground so I could get a look at it.

Branch is about 15 feet tall

Opened up the airlayer ball .... nada. No roots and nothing that looks like root initials.

No roots. Air layer not successful

As a point of comparison, I did a Fig air layer about a week after I started this moringa air layer and the fig air layer is already full of roots. The temperature has been perfect over the last month for air layering. So if it was ever going to work, it should have worked in the last month.

So even though the air layering experiment was not successful, I cut the branch to 6 ft tall and stuck it in a pot. It will likely root (morningas root fairly easily). But this is why we experiment :)

Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Updated Plant Catalog

Last year (both the summer of 2018 and the winter of 2018/19) were some of the hottest and coldest my yard had to experience. There are quite a few trees and plants that did not make it. So I updated the catalog of links on the right of the page to remove the plants that did not make it and added a new DIED section. I feel like this is important documentation; To not only show the success in the yard, but also the failures (which can be instructive) when trying to do zone pushing in the desert.

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Spring Update 2019

I am doing a large yard update for spring 2019. Most everything that is not dead and will eventually recover from our winter is already recovering. So I took a lot of photos ... bring on the deluge!

Figs and Jujubes

(Left) Fig area (10+ varieties)
(Right) Garden: Tomatoes, peppers, radishes, carrots, watermelon, potatoes, wildflowers, etc.

Mango Area 1. This was an interesting experiment. This was uncovered during the winter. Castor is interplanted between mangos for canopy (cut back to 2 ft tall in spring). Lots of damage in this area. 1 mango dead, 5 others severely damaged. This area got a lot of cold. But 2 mangos really stood out: 1) Bailey's Marvel (this one has a reputation for being slightly more cold tolerant and my experience confirms that) and 2) Kathy / K-3 (Took absolutely no damage whatsoever. This one was a very nice surprise!)

Peach Cobbler Mango *full* of blooms with a Thai White Guava seedling in front

(Left) Persimmon. Loaded with flowers and has already set a ton of fruit.
(Right) Norris Che. Also loaded with fruit

Mango Area 2 as well as a bunch of other stuff in pots (Garcinias, Eugenias, Diospyros, Citrus, etc.)

This is just fun. Part of my 'lawn' (which is mostly clover with some Bermuda intermixed) and the edge of my pool deck that I have put in a several 'bright-edge' yucca and interplanted some creeping oregano. I like the color and texture contrast.

(Left) Grape vines on pool fence
(Right) Namwah banana, Figs, Marcus Pumpkin avocado

(Left) View of the eastern end of pool (western exposure): Orange, Olives, Natal Plums
(Right) View to the west from eastern edge of pool, rest of the "food forest"

(Left) Citrus and Multi-grafted Figs
(Right) Chinese Goddess Bamboo, I love how feathery it is

Hybrid Torch cactus. I got this one from my friend Ken in Tucson. Everytime I look at these beautiful flowers, I can't stop smiling!!

(Left) Black Bamboo making a big spring growth push
(Right) Deciduous area, fully leafed out an looking great

(Left) Got apricots coming!
(Right) Lots of fruit set on the Sweet Treat Pluerry

(Left) Springfels mango has set a ton of baby mangos
(Right) So does Ice Cream

(Left) Fruit Punch mango is absolutely loaded this year
(Right) Floridaprince peach is so loaded with fruit that I have thinned several times and cut branches to keep the tree stable

Frakenpomegranate has tons of flowers from over a dozen grafts!

(Left) Neem tree is leafing out again. Neem is evergreen in my yard most years, but this winter it completely defoliated
(Right) Tainung #2 Papaya leafing out again

Black Star Surinam Cherry, already flowered and has set a crop. The fruit off this one is *so* good!

(Left) Golden Silverberry has incredibly beautiful foliage and is really spreading out now
(Right) Mangos, Avocados and Lychee. The Coconut Cream mango was huge but took severe damage this winter. It is leafing out from the trunk. The Brewster lychee took no damage, looks great and is putting out flower buds.

Lemon Zest is looking tall and gorgeous!

(Left) Annona area. All the Annonas defoliated and many took lots of damage. Only the Rollinia deliciosa actually died. But the rest are leafing out again.
(Right) Geffner Atemoya is looking great. I am training it up the trunk of the Jamaican Cherry like a trellis.

Sunrise mango hit hard this winter, lost about 50% of tree. Leafing out well. I got over 2 dozen mangos off it last year but this year will be a recovery year for it.

(Left) Pitangatuba looking spectacular!
(Right) Starting to bloom.

Feijoas / Pineapple Guavas starting to bloom. Very striking. Flower petals taste like tropical marshmallows (not joking).

(Left) Lychees are doing great. No damage at all during the winter and are leafing and blooming with a vengenace
(Right) Closeup of the flower stalks on my Sweetheart.

(Left) Longans looking lovely
(Right) Pouterias looking great! Here is the Fairchild II Canistel and Pace Mamey Sapote. The very large Ross Sapote did not make it through the winter :( . This was my most heartbreaking loss.

Kari Carambola (Starfruit) putting on some nice growth.

(Top) View inside Pakistan Mulberry
(Left) Loaded with fruit!
(Right) These truly are an incredible spring treat. Those who don't grow them really don't know what they are missing.

There is nothing like fresh picked strawberries!

(Left) Bananas: Dwarf Namwah, Pitogo, Raja Puri, Dwarf Orinonco, and Hom (from Doug Jones)
(Right) Dwarf Namwah pup

Wild Coffee took no damage this winter! The Coffee Arabica right behind it died to the ground.

(Left) A few papaya seedlings that were ready to go in the ground (Red Lady #786 and Wild Papaya)
(Right) A close look a the Wild Papaya. Very thick base. Striated trunk that almost looks like bark. Weird long arrow shaped leaves. Very cool little dude.

(Left) Guamuchil
(Right) Beaumont Macadamia

Avocados that are all doing well!
(Top) Day
(Left) Stewart
(Right) Oro Negro and older Brogdon

And an avocado that isn't doing so well
(Left) newer Brogdon
(Right) But it holding a fruit

And the last two for this post!
(Left) Royal Empress
(Right) Seedling Loquat